Want to carry on what your child is learning in their ABA therapy? Here are some top tips when delivering the instructions to help increase the likelihood of your child giving the correct response.
Know your child’s level
Start off with giving short and simple instructions. When you are at the initial stages of teaching or when introducing new instructions, it is easier for the child to understand the instructions. Gradually over time you can lengthen your instructions.
Pick a few instructions to work on
Choose a few instructions to consolidate to increase successful response rather than working on too many at once.
At first use consistent instructions then vary
Only at the initial stage or when introducing new instructions, make sure the presentation of your instructions is consistent. When your child does not give a response or gives an incorrect answer, avoid changing your instructions to try elicit a response you are looking for as this may confuse your child.
Once your child has mastered giving the correct response to the specific instructions, it is time to vary your instructions and to generalize to different settings and activities. It would be best if you insert your instructions during different activities.
Avoid repeating instructions
Repeated instructions may cause your child’s attention to drop.
Provide prompt right away when your child makes a mistake or does not respond to ensure that immediate feedback is given to the child.
Avoid constantly including child’s name in the instructions
Although it may seem common to call your child’s name to get their attention before giving the instructions, this is not recommended as over time your child will selectively respond to your instructions only when you call their name.
Have the reinforcer ready 準備增強物
One way to get your child’s attention instead of calling your child’s name is to have your child’s reinforcer nearby. Make sure the reinforcer is strong as it will not only motivate him or her to pay attention to your instructions but also motivate your child to give the correct response.